Flag Description: The National Flag is a horizontal tricolour of deep saffron (kesaria) at the top, white in the middle, and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion. At the centre of the white band is a navy blue wheel, which is a representation of the Ashoka Chakra at Sarnath.
National Days:National Days26th January (Republic Day
) 15th August (Independence Day
) 2nd October (Gandhi Jayanti; Mahatma Gandhi's Birthday)
Location:The Indian peninsula is separated from mainland Asia by the Himalayas. The Country is surrounded by the Bay of Bengal in the east, the Arabian Sea in the west, and the Indian Ocean to the south.
Geographic: Coordinates Lying entirely in the Northern Hemisphere, the Country extends between 8° 4' and 37° 6' latitudes north of the Equator, and 68° 7' and 97° 25' longitudes east of it.
Indian Standard Time:GMT + 05:30
Area: 3.3 Million sq. km
Telephone Country Code: +91
Neighbouring Countries: Afghanistan and Pakistan to the north-west; China, Bhutan and Nepal to the north; Myanmar to the east; and Bangladesh to the east of West Bengal. Sri Lanka is separated from India by a narrow channel of sea, formed by Palk Strait and the Gulf of Mannar.
Coastline: 7,517 km encompassing the mainland, Lakshadweep Islands, and the Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Climate The climate of India can broadly be classified as a tropical monsoon one. But, in spite of much of the northern part of India lying beyond the tropical zone, the entire country has a tropical climate marked by relatively high temperatures and dry winters.
There are four seasons:
south-west monsoon season (June-September)
post monsoon season (October-November)
Terrain: The mainland comprises of four regions, namely the great mountain zone, plains of the Ganga and the Indus, the desert region, and the southern peninsula.
Population: India's population, as on 1 March 2011 stood at 1,210,193,422 (623.7 million males and 586.4 million females).
Population Growth Rate: The average annual exponential growth rate stands at 1.64 per cent during 2001-2011.
Birth Rate: The Crude Birth rate was 18.3 in 2009.
Death Rate: The Crude Death rate was 7.3 in 2009.
Life Expectancy: 65.8 years (Males); 68.1 years (Females) in the period 2006-2011.
Sex Ratio: 940 females per 1000 males according to 2011 Census
Ethnic Groups: All the five major racial types - Australoid, Mongoloid, Europoid, Caucasian, and Negroid find representation among the people of India.
Religions: According to the 2011 census, out of the total population of 1.21 billion in the Country, Hindus constituted the majority with 80.5%, Muslims came second at 13.4%, followed by Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, and others.
Languages: There are 22 different languages that have been recognised by the Constitution of India, of which Hindi is an Official Language.
Article: 343(3) empowered Parliament to provide by law for continued use of English for official purposes.